We draw a distinction between competence and expertise by highlighting two learning processes that we believe to be complementary and mutually supportive. The first is essentially a reproductive process and is appropriate after a situation has been defined, which we have termed “adoptive learning”. It requires the application of well-understood knowledge and the mastery of tools, techniques and procedures in bounded situations. Adoptive learning can produce immediately impressive results but may be less transferable to other, less familiar situations. The second makes use of higher order thinking in more open situations, which requires and develops higher cognitive processes and is inherently a creative, generative and reflective process. We have termed this “adaptive learning”.
Etiquetas: design aprendizagem