Dweck’s broad argument is that what people believe shapes what they achieve – mostly irrespective of their innate talent. Some people, she says, have a fixed view of intelligence: They believe that intelligence is an entity, that we’re each endowed with a particular finite supply. Others have a growth view of intelligence: They believe that intelligence can expand through practice and effort.
Your starting assumption about intelligence – your mindset, as she calls it in a popular book – heavily determines what you’re able to accomplish. And people with growth mindsets generally accomplish more and learn more deeply.